Franklin Vets Blog

Beat the heat – de-sex your pet before kitten and puppy season

August 26, 2019

Part of being a responsible pet owner is de-sexing (spaying and neutering). There are many benefits to your pet as well as to the wider community by helping to reduce pet overpopulation.dog neuter operation

Male dogs benefit from de-sexing by reducing behaviours such as roaming and urine marking, as well as preventing medical problems such as testicular cancer and prostate disease. Female dogs should be desexed before 6 months of age to prevent mammary cancer as well as a relatively common and potentially fatal uterine infection called pyometra.

Male cats should be de-sexed to prevent roaming and fighting, which leads to abscesses and the spread of FIV (feline aids). Female cats should be de-sexed before 6 months of age to prevent mammary cancer.cat spay surgery

Female rabbits should be de-sexed before 3 years of age to prevent uterine cancer, which is so common that it occurs in 60% of rabbits over the age of 4 (with the rate increasing further as the rabbit ages). Spaying a female rabbit also enables her to be successfully bonded with a de-sexed male rabbit (known as a husbun).

However, perhaps the most important reason for having your pet de-sexed is to be part of the solution to the pet overpopulation problem. A single unspayed female cat or dog, her mate and their offspring can reproduce exponentially leading to thousands of unwanted kittens and puppies within just a few years. Many of these animals die from malnutrition and disease, while others are found and rescued by charity groups who quickly become overwhelmed by the large number of animals they receive. Since many New Zealand households already own pets, supply far exceeds the demand and sadly many animals are euthanised due to lack of available homes. Only de-sexing will reduce the number of unwanted animals.

cat reproductive infographic

Cat Reproduction

Kittens and puppies are being conceived right now so please spay or neuter before kitten and puppy season. For more information on de-sexing your pet please give us a call.

Dr Estelle Louarduzzi, BVSc, MANZCVS (Small Animal Medicine) Senior Vet at Franklin Vets Waiuku.