Angus cattle grazingThe risk of many diseases in cattle can be reduced or prevented with vaccination. Not all vaccines discussed below may be necessary for your farm. Contact your Franklin Vets Team to discuss what options best suit your farm and farming system.


BVD

Bovine viral diarrhoea, commonly known as BVD, can result in a range of production limiting outcomes for cattle depending on the class of stock affected. Follow this link to read more about BVD.

There are two main vaccines that Franklin Vets recommend; Bovillis BVD and Hiprabovis. These vaccines are best suited to different farming situations so call your Franklin Vets Team to discuss what options may be best for your farm.

Clostridial diseases

Clostridial diseases are the most common cause of sudden death in cattle. Yarding, trucking, castration, and dehorning can increase the risk of diseases such as tetanus and blackleg. Other sudden deaths associated with clostridial diseases can affect any age class of cattle, but the risk is higher in fast-growing animals or where there is a change in feed. Changes in feed may be expected such as the use of crop or new grass, or may occur unnoticed when weather conditions result in sudden lush growth.

There are many different options for clostridial vaccination from 5 in 1 right through to 10 in 1. These options are best discussed with your veterinarian to take into consideration your farming system and likely risk factors.

Read more about vaccinating for Clostridial diseases

Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is an important bacterial disease to consider in your farming business because it can cause severe illness in people. While leptospirosis infection will occasionally result in disease or abortion in cattle there are often no symptoms that stock is carrying this bug.

It is spread via contact with urine, birth fluids or other body fluids when butchering home kill or dog tucker. Wool, feed, or water contaminated with urine are also potential sources of infection.

Vaccination of livestock will reduce the likelihood of animals shedding leptospires in their urine and therefore help reduce the risk of disease in yourself, staff and family.

A vaccine covering three common strains of leptospirosis is available as well as a two-strain version that is combined with a 5 in 1 clostridial vaccine. Contact your Franklin Vets Team if you are concerned about leptospirosis on your farm.

Pinkeye

Pinkeye can occur in cattle of all ages. There are seasonal and environmental factors such as flies, wind, dust, strong sunlight, and stalky vegetation that can exacerbate pinkeye or spread the disease.
Piliguard Pinkeye Trivalent is a single shot vaccine. It works by helping to develop and maintain immunity by generating antibodies against some of the bacteria known to cause pinkeye in the animal’s blood and tears. This helps prevent the bacteria attaching to the eye.

The best time to vaccinate is in early summer before the onset of the pink eye season. The vaccine cannot guarantee 100 percent protection, so it is important to treat and separate any affected animals as soon as they are identified. Individual animals or outbreaks can be treated with antibiotics and if eye damage is severe, we can surgically construct a flap over the eye to help with healing.

As farm systems and animal health requirements vary, please contact your veterinarian if you would like to discuss a management programme for the prevention of pinkeye in your cattle.

Rotovirus

Rotovirus can cause severe scours in young calves. While not overly common in calves reared on cows in classic beef systems, rotovirus can have a devastating effect on calf growth rates and survivability when it does occur.

Rotovirus vaccines are given to cows 3-4 weeks before the start of calving to boost the production of antibodies in colostrum. These vaccines only work well when given to healthy, well-fed cows and require calves to get a good feed of colostrum within the first 12 hours after birth.

Franklin Vets recommends the use of Rotavec or Scourguard to vaccinate cow for rotovirus. These two vaccines are high quality vaccinations and have slightly different protocols that suit different systems. If you have had trouble with calf scours in your beef herd contact your Franklin Vets Team to discuss vaccinations and management options for your farm.

Salmonella

Salmonella infection typically results in cattle that have watery, smelly, diarrhoea with rapid weight loss, dehydration, and potentially death. Cases may be sporadic with only a single sick animal or affect 20% or more animals in a mob. Follow the link for more information on salmonella.

Salvexin B used for vaccination of the whole herd in an outbreak can help control the situation, reducing the number of sick cows and minimising the severity of disease.

Salmonella can also cause serious illness in people. If you are dealing with sick, scouring cattle, maintain high a high standard of personal hygiene.

If you are concerned about salmonella in your beef system contact your veterinarian to discuss diagnosis or prevention strategies.