The kid should be chosen no earlier than 3 days after birth but preferably 5 days. This allows the kid to have its mother’s colostrum, which gives protection against diseases and is high in both vitamins and minerals.
On occasion kids have been rejected by their mother or are one of triplets, in which case one is removed from its mother as she is not able to adequately feed 3 of them. In these cases, the kid may not have received colostrum.
The healthy kid should have a dry small navel, lively movements, and clear bright eyes. If a buck (male) is chosen he should be wethered with a rubber ring from 1 week old, otherwise he will become smelly and possibly aggressive as he reaches maturity. Ensure both testicles are down before releasing the ring.
If kids are to be dehorned, they should be debudded by a vet at 2 weeks of age. Failure to do this at the correct age often results in horn re-growth. Dehorning adult goats is often very unsatisfactory.
Basic rearing requires:
- 2 x 10kg bags of milk powder
- 2 x lamb teats
- Pellets or meal
- Collar and lead
All of these products are available at your local Franklin Vets clinic.
Lamb milk powders are specially formulated to meet the needs of your kid goat. Lamb/goat teats that can be screwed onto a coke or water bottle or complete lamb/goat feeding bottles are available from Franklin Vets. Supplement the milk with a lamb or multifeed pellet and keep moving your goat so it has access to fresh grass every day.
Vaccination and Drenching
If the goat has come from a vaccinated mother and has had adequate colostrum in the first day of its life it will have protection for about 3 months. If the mother of your kid goat was not vaccinated with a 5 in 1 one month prior to kidding or if you do not know if it was vaccinated, the kid should be vaccinated with a lamb vaccine or PK/Antitet from 1 week old
Your kid should also be vaccinated with a 5 in 1 vaccine at weaning (3 months) and then given a booster shot 1 month later and thereafter once a year. This vaccine prevents pulpy kidney disease, tetanus, black disease, malignant oedema and blackleg.
Drench at about 6 weeks old and again at 10 weeks. An oral lamb drench is suitable for goats. Lice are a common problem. Lice treatment are available from Franklin Vets.
A dry, draft free house or kennel is required. It will grow better if it is not using energy to keep warm.
Contact Franklin Vets if you have any concern about your goat’s health. We are happy to give advice over the phone as to whether an animal requires treatment.