Elbow dysplasia is the most common cause of forelimb lameness in dogs. It includes an array of abnormalities including:

  • Fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP)
  • Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD)
  • United anconeal process (UAP)
  • Joint incongruity


Severity of signs varies greatly between patients. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment gives patients the best chance of avoiding debilitating osteoarthritis.

X-ray is required for diagnosis to be confirmed. Some dogs may benefit from CT scanning or arthroscopic inspection of the cartilage, but most can be diagnosed with x-ray alone.

Do not delay. If you own a large breed dog, 6-9 months of age, with a foreleg lameness of unknown cause, it is likely to need x-rays of both elbow and shoulders.

Surgical options for these conditions that we can offer at Franklin Vets Pukekohe are:

  • Removal of the united anconeal process
  • Removal of OCD flap and debridement of subchondral bone
  • Subtotal coronoidectomy for FCP
  • Biceps ulnar release procedure (BURP) for FCP and OCD
  • Dynamic ulnar osteotomy (DUO) for joint incongruity


This involves a prolonged period of rest and rehabilitation. We have a programme for you to follow for several weeks after surgery.

How to book

Call the Franklin Vets Customer Service team on 09 238 7486 to discuss transfer of your patient to our clinic for assessment and treatment. You may be asked to bring any clinical notes, x-rays images, and medications with you when you come.

Dr Paul Eason BVM&S MANZCVS (Surgery, Emergency & Critical Care)